= Carduelis spinus
Eurasian Siskin, European Siskin, Siskin
Maximum size: Between 11 and 12 cm
They live in woodlands all over Europe although in winter they gather
in the south.
They feed on seeds and fruits. They are irregularly migratory as in
some winters they do not show up in the south of Europe, particularly so
in the south of the Iberian Peninsula, while other winter they arrive in
massive numbers. This happens every two years but no on a regular basis.
The migratory individuals join the local nesting ones in Spain. They
nest in the coniferous woodlands, and other mixed-trees woodlands with
They can be seen from October to March. They are very sociable and
they are not easily frightened.